This section details the manual installation and configuration of Wayland compositors and related services and utilities.
Unlike Xorg, Wayland implementations combine the display server, the window manager and the compositor in a single application.
GNOME, KDE Plasma and Enlightenment have Wayland sessions. GNOME uses its Wayland session by default. When using these desktop environments, applications built with GTK+ will automatically choose the Wayland backend, while Qt5 and EFL applications might require setting some environment variables if used outside KDE or Enlightenment, respectively.
Void Linux currently packages the following Wayland compositors:
- Weston: reference compositor for Wayland
- Sway: an i3-compatible Wayland compositor
- Wayfire: 3D Wayland compositor
- Hikari: a stacking compositor with some tiling features
- Cage: a Wayland kiosk
- River: a dynamic tiling Wayland compositor
- labwc: a window-stacking compositor, inspired by Openbox
Both GNOME and KDE Plasma have EGLStreams backends for Wayland, which means they
can use the proprietary NVIDIA drivers. Most other Wayland compositors require
drivers that implement the GBM interface. The main driver for this purpose is
provided by the
mesa-dri package. The "Graphics
Drivers" section has more details regarding
setting up graphics in different systems.
Wayland compositors require some way of controlling the video display and accessing input devices. In Void systems, this requires a seat manager service, which can be either elogind or seatd. Enabling them is explained in the "Session and Seat Management" session.
Qt5-based applications require
qt5-wayland package and setting the environment variable
QT_QPA_PLATFORM=wayland-egl to enable their Wayland backend. Some KDE specific
applications also require installing the
EFL-based applications require
setting the environment variable
ELM_DISPLAY=wl, and can have issues without
it, due to not supporting XWayland properly. SDL-based
applications require setting the environment variable
should use the Wayland backend automatically. Information about other toolkits
can be found in the Wayland
Media applications, such as mpv(1),
imv work natively on Wayland.
Mozilla Firefox ships with a Wayland backend which is disabled by default. To
enable the Wayland backend, either set the environment variable
MOZ_ENABLE_WAYLAND=1 before running
firefox or use the provided
Browsers based on GTK+ or Qt5, such as Midori and qutebrowser(1), should work on Wayland natively.
Running X applications inside Wayland
If an application doesn't support Wayland, it can still be used in a Wayland
context. XWayland is an X server that bridges this gap for most Wayland
compositors, and is installed as a dependency for most of them. Its package is
xorg-server-xwayland. For Weston, the correct package is
The Wayland library requires the
variable to determine the directory for the Wayland socket.
It is also possible that some applications use the
environment variable in some way, which requires that you set it to